Experts’ opinion on cyber crime is that a certain kind of criminal activity has to be banned across a large number of countries to enable prosecution of perpetrators of such crime. This statement has appeared in the academic journal Computer Law and Security in October 2000. These experts were drafting the Convention of Council of Europe on Cyber crime. At last on 23rd November 2001 Convention of Cyber crime was opened with signatures from a wide spectrum of experts in Europe Canada, Japan and United States of America apart from the European Council members. As on date there are still 10 of the 27 members who are yet to ratify the convention.
Cyber crime has been brought under various categories like Offences related to infringement of related rights and copyright, illegal interception, computer related fraud, data interference, offences related to child pornography and Illegal access. Some other categories are computer related forgery, misuse of devices and system interference. Government and the Computer industry have taken view of the use of new technologies and by introducing excessive surveillance have addressed and tackled the issue of cyber crime. Public and private censorship of the online media is an offshoot of the effects of cyber crime. Effective cooperation between the law enforcement authorities is the need of the hour.